SOME COMMON BREEDING ISSUES (UPDATE 8)
 
1. PAIR NOT MATING.
 
1. Immature pair – one or both, So need time
2. Incompatibility could be the cause. Forming new pair may work
3. Malnutrition – Change in diet will work
4. Obesity – Exercise and fat free diet will work
5. Disorder of reproductive system in one or both birds it depends on the condition can or can not be rectified. Forming new pair may work
6. One or both birds may be infertile. Splitting pair may work
7. It could be due to hormonal imbalance. Proper treatment will help
8. Bacterial infection can cause infertility. Treating the birds will help.
9. May not be a true pair. But both could be males or females. But some times birds of same sex behave as true pairs. So sexing is very important
10. Improper perches. Loose too thin or thick perches.
11. Disturbed or stressed out. No able to adopt to the surrounding, Reducing disturbance and stress will work
12. Sharp long nails of the male irritates the female when mounted for mating.
 
2. NO EGGS LAID EVEN AFTER MATING.
 
1. Immature Female
2. Old Female.
3. Malnutrition – Change in diet will work
4. Obesity – Exercise and fat free diet will work
5. Disorder of reproductive system in female can be a cause. It depends on the condition; It can or cannot be rectified.
6. The female maybe infertile.
7. It could be due to hormonal imbalance. Proper treatment will help
8. Bacterial infection can cause infertility. Treating the bird will help.
9. May not be a true pair. But both could be males . But some times birds of same sex behave as true pairs. So sexing is very important
10. Very high or very low temperature may cause temporary infertility,
11, Long period of daylight is a must to stimulate breeding.
12. The breeding cycle of the pair many not be out of sync.
 
3. EGGS LAID WITHOUT MATING
 
1. Both maybe females. check the sex
2. Immature male and healthy female change the male
3. Very old male and healthy female change the male
4. Sterile male and healthy female change the male
5. Lack of compatibility between the pair. split the pair
6. Young inexperienced male. Should settle with time.
7. Chronic egg layer. provide a mature male.
8, Female always inside the nest box. No mating possible. Provide a mature dominant male. Who will drive the female out off the nest and mate successfully
 
4. INFERTILE EGGS LAID EVEN AFTER MATING
 
1. Immature pair – one or both, So need time
2. Both maybe females. Sometimes birds of same sex behave like true pair - Check the sex.
3. Very old male and healthy female change the male
4. Sterile male and healthy female change the male
16. Trim the feathers around the vent of both the male and female.- Sometimes feathers are a cause of infertility in heavily feathered birds.
6. Female always inside the nest box. No mating possible. Provide a mature dominant male. Who will drive the female out off the nest and mate successfully
7.Malnutrition – Change in diet will work. Deficiency in Calcium, Over supplementation of Zinc and Aflatoxins in seeds can cause infertility
8. Drugs can cause temporary infertility..
9. Extreme high or low temperature can cause temporary infertility
10. Male or female maybe infertile, change the pair
11. Bacterial infection can cause infertility. Treating the bird will help.
12. Improper perches. Loose too thin or thick perches.
13. Disturbed or stressed out. No able to adopt to the surrounding, Reducing disturbance and stress will work
14. Sharp long nails of the male irritates the female when mounted for mating.
15. The breeding cycle of the pair many not be out of sync.
16. Trim the feathers around the vent of both the male and female.- Sometimes feathers are a cause of infertility in heavly feathered birds.
 
5. EGGS BROKEN, EATEN OR CHILLED
 
1. Nest box too big. Birds tend to jump into the box. Knock the eggs around the nest box. thus breaking the eggs
2, Chilled eggs due to large nest boxes. Eggs rolling away to different corners of the box.
3. Soft and Thin shelled eggs due to Calcium deficiency or over breeding.
4. Disturbance due to frequent nest inspection or rodents.
5. Night frights leaving the nest in fright due to disturbance.
6. Have night lamp in the bird room to avoid night fright. If you happen to turn on light in your bird room. before switch off the light see to it that the birds have returned to the nest. If not they will not be return to the nest box. causing chilling of eggs.
7. Sometimes one of the bird maybe a Chronic Egg eater.
 
6. FERTILE EGGS - DEAD EMBRYOS (Within first few days)
 
1. Nutritional Deficiencies - Can be corrected
2. Chilled eggs - Due to improper incubation. Check if there is any disturbance,
3. Fluctuating Temperature. - Addled eggs are at times due to over heat in the nest.
4. Lethal Gene - If happening frequently. Split the pair
5. Bacterial or Viral Infection - The egg could have been infected before it had been laid or after it had been laid
6. Shaking / Vibrations. can cause the death of embryo. Avoid shock.
7. Damaged egg.- If damaged can be repaired by nail varnish.
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7. FERTILE EGGS - DEAD IN SHELL / HATCHING ISSUES.
 
1. Nutritional Deficiency - A weakened chick will not be able to break through the egg shell on its own.
2. Fluctuating Temperature.- very low temperature will affect the hatching, As chilling will lower the metabolic rate of the chick .
3. Lethal Gene - If happening frequently. Split the pair
4. Bacterial or Viral Infection - The egg could have been infected before it had been laid or after it had been laid
5. Shaking / Vibrations. can cause the death of embryo. Avoid shock.
6. Damaged egg.- If damaged can be saved, Can be repaired by applying nail varnish.over the crack or dent.
7. Low humidity - Egg Membrane drying up and sticking to the chick. Hindering it movement and pipping
8. High Humidity - Chicks sometimes drown in their own fluid. Some are unable to absorb the yoke into the body
 
8. EGGS HATCH - CHICKS DIE WITHIN A WEEK.
 
1. Disturbances resulting in abandonment or chilling of chicks
2. Sick  parent transmitting disease to the chicks
3. Sick parents. Not  taking proper care of the chicks, lack of proper feeding and brooding.
4. Dietary deficiencies. At embryo development stage or after hatching
5. Viral, Fungal or bacterial infection affecting the birds. 
6.  Absence of soft food during the laying and rearing season
7. Inbreeding
8. Genetic glitch
9. Inexperienced parent
 
9. CHICKS KILLED BY THE PARENT
 
1. Disturbance of any sort. Rodents, Nest inspection.
2, Some species are known to indulge in Cannibalism
3. Hereditary.  
 
10. PARENT NOT FEEDING CHICKS
 
1. Inexperienced parent
2. Hereditary
3. Absence of proper diet.
 
To be a successful Aviculturist. Here are some guidelines.
 
1. Good hygenic condition, Large spacious cages / Avaries, Fresh Air, Water and proper balanced Diet are a must for healthy birds and sucessful breeding.
2. Get birds used to routine feeding time, cage cleaning and nest inspection. So that the birds get used it, And the birds are less stressed during the breeding season.
3. Keep an eye of the birds condition. If a bird is found dull or weak. The first thing it requires is heat. Provide heat source